Althea Gibson (1927-08-25 - 2003-09-28) was an American
sportswoman who, on 1950-08-22, became the first African-American
woman to be a competitor on the world tennis tour and the first to
win a Grand Slam title in 1956. She is sometimes referred to as
"the Jackie Robinson of tennis" for breaking the "color barrier."
Gibson was a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc.
She became the first black person to win a title at Wimbledon,
winning her first of two consecutive singles championships. She
responded by winning the U.S. Championships (U.S. Open). For her
accomplishments that year, Gibson earned the No. 1 ranking in the
world and was named the Associated Press Female Athlete of the
Year. In 1971, Gibson was inducted into the International Tennis
Hall of Fame. In 2003, at the age of 76, Gibson died due to
respiratory failure. On the opening night of the 2007 U.S. Open,
the 50th anniversary of Gibson's victory in 1957, Gibson was
inducted into U.S. Open Court of Champions.