Frederick Douglass (February 1818 - February 20, 1895) was an
American abolitionist, editor, orator, author, statesman and
Frederick Douglas was one of the foremost leaders of the
abolitionist movement, which fought to end slavery within the
United States in the decades prior to the Civil War. A brilliant
speaker, Douglass was asked by the American Anti-Slavery Society to
engage in a tour of lectures, and so became recognized as one of
America's first great black speakers. He won world fame when his
autobiography was publicized in 1845. Two years later he bagan
publishing an antislavery paper called the North Star.
Douglass served as an adviser to President Abraham Lincoln
during the Civil War and fought for the adoption of constitutional
amendments that guaranteed voting rights and other civil liberties
for blacks. Douglass provided a powerful voice for human rights
during this period of American history and is still revered today
for his contributions against racial injustice.