Louis Armstrong (4 August 1901 - July 6, 1971), nicknamed
Satchmo and Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter and singer.
Armstrong was a charismatic, innovative performer whose
inspired, improvised soloing was the main influence for a
fundamental change in jazz, shifting its focus from collective
melodic playing, often arranged in one way or another, to the solo
player and improvised soloing. One of the most famous jazz
musicians of the 20th century, he was first known as a cornet
player, then as a trumpet player, and toward the end of his career
he was best known as a vocalist and became one of the most
influential jazz singers.
Louis Armstrong died of a heart attack on July 6, 1971, at age
69, 11 months after playing a famous show at the Waldorf Astoria's
Empire Room. Shortly before his death he stated, "I think I had a
beautiful life. I didn't wish for anything that I couldn't get and
I got pretty near everything I wanted because I worked for it as a
vocalist and became one of the most influential jazz singers.