On 12 September 1992, Dr. Mae Carol Jemison became the first
black woman to travel into outer space. Raised in Chicago and
educated at Stanford and Cornell, Jemison earned a medical degree
and became a physician in 1981. She practiced medicine in Los
Angeles and served in the Peace Corps in Africa before being
approved for astronaut training in 1987.
She spent the next six years with the National Aeronautics and
Space Administration (NASA), flying into space on mission STS-47
aboard the shuttle Endeavour in 1992. After leaving NASA in 1993
she founded the Jemison Group, a research and consulting firm, and
became active in several educational programs. She also wrote a
memoir for young readers, Find Where the Wind Goes (2001).