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What is Profile Extrusion


Account extrusion is extrusion of a good shaped product that can be many different configurations but does not include sheet or film goods. Profile extrusion range from solid forms along with hollow forms. Products which range from tubing to window frames to motor vehicle door seals are manufactured this real approach and considered account extrusion.

To process hollow forms a mandrel or pin is utilized in the die to create the hollow sections. Multiple hollow sections require multiple pins. To create these hollows a way to obtain air is required to permit the center of the merchandise plastic pelletizer to maintain shape rather than collapse in a vacuum. Usually an oxygen source will be used to keep carefully the correct airflow in the cavity.

If several materials are required to make something, the co-extrusion process can be used. For example, a white drinking straw which has 2 hues of stripes on it, takes a total of 3 extruders. Each extruder feeds a distinct variation or material of the same materials right into a central co-extrusion die.

Vip Rubber acquires plastic extrusion unit


Rubber and Plastic Co., a custom company of rubber and plastic material products in La Habra, Calif., has purchased Bandlock-the non-fenestration portion of AmesburyTruth's plastic extrusion organization.

The acquisition includes a 72,000-sq.-ft. center in Ontario that will allow Vip to provide new or improved products, such as for example laser printing, sizzling stamp foils, polycarbonate, glow-in-the-dark materials, greater profiles and in-series notching and punching.

Existing and new customers will benefit from the blending of these two extraordinary companies with a strengthened infrastructure and heightened production capabilities, such as extruded and molded rubberized goods, and calender sheet rubber, Vip President Howard Vipperman said in a information release.

Terms of the deal were not disclosed. Vip is certainly a family-possessed business founded in 1961. The business had corporate product sales of $22 million in 2014, including $9 million related to pipe, profile and tubing, which placed it 141st among North American PPT extruders, according to a ranking

by Plastics News, a good sister publication of Rubber & Plastics News. AmesburyTruth, a supplier of door and windowpane components for residential and commercial applications, is definitely a subsidiary of London-based upon Tyman P.L.C., which trades on the London double screw extruder STOCK MARKET.

About 80 percent of Vip's PPT sales this past year were in profiles and 20 percent in tubing for a number of end markets which range from appliances and aerospace to windows and weather-stripping. The ongoing company had 25 staff working eight making lines, according toPlastics News' info.

Vip's work force grew by about 50 employees with the acquisition.

(They) are still employed and doing work at that Ontario center, Vip Advertising Vice President Cindy LeClair said in an email. We won't keep the Bandlock name. It will be absorbed into the Vip Rubber and Plastic name.

AmesburyTruth retains the fenestration custom made extrusion business, several Ontario staff members and the Bandlock Couplers business. The company includes a U.S. base in Edina, Minn., and facilities throughout THE UNITED STATES producing screen and door extrusions, hardware and sealing devices for leading windows and door manufacturers.

AmesburyTruth will consolidate extrusion procedures for fenestration products found in Cannon Falls, Minn., where the center was upgraded to fulfill future demand. An engineering team also functions there with a concentrate on material evaluation, process improvement and merchandise design for fenestration buyers.

Our goal is usually to be North America's No. 1 supplier of windowpane and door components, AmesburyTruth President Jeff Graby said in a news discharge. We're aligning our business to become the premier supplier of fenestration elements, and streamlining our making efficiencies to strengthen our capabilities.

The Bandlock Couplers business already has relocated from California to the business's operations in Fremont, Neb., that provides metallic fabrication and manufactures couplings and fittings for the vacuum industry.



Plastic material profile and pipe lines can be used to create a selection of products co extruder machine including pipes, tubing, straws, window frames, wall molding, and home siding. The equipment to create plastic pipe and account hasn't changed significantly recently and used tools offers a higher return on expense. The normal life of new appliances from a reputable supplier is 20+ years. Its lifestyle can be extended if properly looked after and maintained. The main considerations when buying cutting edge or used plastic account or pipe line tools are cost, functionality and delivery time.

Pipes and profiles are formed when plastic material pellets are actually fed into an extruder, melted and conveyed through a die. The pipe or profile switches into a water tank to be cooled and sized then. If the product must retain its condition during cooling, vacuum pressure shall be put on a water bath. Following this portion of the process, the profile or pipe is pulled through the water tank by a puller. A cutter or winder is applied then. With a cutter, the profile or pipe is cut to a pre-designated length. With a winder, the merchandise is wound onto a coil or spool.

When purchasing a applied profile and pipe line, consider the extruder make, type (AC or DC) and horsepower of the motor, barrel venting, types of controls, type of feeder, condition of the barrel and overall look of the used extruder.

Another consideration may be the die. The die must match the cost and ability of the extruder along with cast the right profile for the merchandise. For this reason, pipe and account dies are tailor made manufactured rather than purchased on the used market generally. When investing in a water container, consider the distance, width, and height of the tank to ensure the profile or pipe fits. In addition, it needs sufficient time to cool. Also consider the building material: stainless is preferred since it doesn t rust but water tanks are also available in aluminium and carbon metal. If the tank is under vacuum pressure, the true number and kind of vacuum pump is important. The most common brands are Conair, Gatto, CDS and RDN.

Used pullers can be found in several designs: cleat or belt. Ensure the get in touch with and width length of the belt is appropriate. Also consider motor horsepower and type (AC or DC). Common producers are Conair, Gatto, CDS, Farris, Boston Matthews, Metaplas, Goodman, ESI, and RDN.

You can find two types of cutters: saw and flying knife. A saw is used on thicker profiles and pipes and includes a slower operation. A flying knife cutter can be used on smaller pipes and profiles and operates at larger speeds. When purchasing a saw cutter, consider the size of the blade and type of controls for the unit. The capacity ought to be sized based on the fee of the extruder and all of those other line. When purchasing a flying knife cutter, consider the capacity, types of controls, brand and model. The system could be air or servo electrical motivated with the servo electric power drive offering greater precision. Manufacturers incorporate Conair, RDN, CDS, and Farris (Boston Matthews).

When purchasing a winder, consider the capability (sized appropriately with the rate of the extruder and all of those other line), the real face width and the size of the roll. Manufacturers include Progressive, Plastiprogram, and Vulcan.

Used Pipe and Account Lines

There are various components to used pipe and profile lines. When purchasing used account and pipe lines, consider this, manufacturer, type of blade, motor horsepower, construction capacity and material. The advantages of investing in a used profile and pipe line include quick installation and competitive price. Choose a reputable company with maintenance records. Perry Videx maintains a big inventory of used account and pipe lines.

Twin Screw Extrusion Processing of Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Feeds


Twin-screw extrusion food preparation trials had been performed to investigate the differential effects of conventional DDGS (DDGS) and HP-DDG inclusion, while fishmeal replacers, on physical properties (moisture content, water activity, thermal properties, growth ratio, unit density, mass density, water absorption, solubility and pellet longevity indices, and color) of Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) feed. Four ingredient blends were formulated with 20 and 40% C- DDGS, and 20 and 40% HP-DDG, along with other required dietary ingredients. Each diet plan was extruded applying two replications; a fishmeal depending diet acted as the control diet. The best and the lowest extrudate moisture content and drinking water activity were observed for the diets including 20% DDGS and 40% HP-DDG, respectively. Compared to the control diet plan, increasing HP-DDG content from 20 to 40% had no effect on the majority density of the merchandise, while raising DDGS articles from 20-40% led to a considerable rise in mass density of the extrudates by 14.2 and 6%, respectively. Also, extrudates with the cheapest lighting, greenness, and yellowness ideals were attained from the diet containing 20% DDGS, whereas probably the most color strength values were observed for the diets including 40% DDGS and 20% HP-DDG. Raising DDGS and HP-DDG from 0-40% caused an extraordinary increase in normal water absorption index, by 72 and 30%, respectively. Moreover, the drinking water solubility index increased, but in a considerably lesser buy of magnitude. High pellet ruggedness index of more plastic compounding machines than 99% was attained with inclusion of either DDGS or HP-DDG. None of the diet programs impacted the thermal houses of the extrudates. Inclusion of 20 and 40% DDGS resulted in the extrudates with the largest and the tiniest unit density values of almost 887 and 750 kg/m3, respectively. As was expected, growth ratio decreased with increasing unit density. Increasing inclusion levels of HP-DDG didn't show any effect on unit expansion or perhaps density ratio of the merchandise. Future research should focus on investigating the consequences of both extrusion digesting and graded levels of various kinds of DDGS on Rainbow trout feeds.

Twin Screw Extrusion Processing of Feed Blends Containing Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS)


Extrusion trials were conducted with varying degrees of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) alongside soy flour, corn flour, fish meal, vitamin blend, mineral mix, and net protein articles adjusted to 28% utilizing a Wenger TX-52 twin-screw extruder. The homes of extrudates were studied in experiments executed using a full-factorial style with three levels of DDGS content, two levels of moisture content, and two degrees of screw swiftness. Raising the DDGS articles from 20 to 60% led to a 36.7% reduction in the radial expansion, resulting in a 159 and 61.4% upsurge in the unit density and bulk density of the extrudates, respectively. Increasing the DDGS content resulted in a significant upsurge in the water absorption index (WAI) but a significant decrease in the drinking water solubility index (WSI) of the extrudates. Changing the screw acceleration and moisture content had no significant influence on the radial growth ratio but resulted in a big change in the bulk density of the extrudates, which may be because of the occurrence of longitudinal expansion. Even though changing the moisture screw and content acceleration had no significant effect on the WSI of the extrudates, significant variations in the WAI of the extrudates were observed. The ingredient factors in the blend and moisture content had an affect on the color adjustments of the extrudates, as does the biochemical changes occurring inside the barrel during digesting. Overall, it was decided that DDGS could extruder screws possibly be included at a rate of up to 60% applying twin-screw extrusion, and that practical pelleted floating feeds could be produced.

Twin Screw Extruders for the compoundingof engineering thermoplastics


Polymers are blended with their compounding ingredients found in extruders. The blending of simple components such as for example antioxidants and mild stabilisers is performed either over the last stages of the polymerisation method or soon after within an extrusion step that is followed by granulation. In fact most if not absolutely all plastic granules sold in carriers, have already been subjected to the effects of heat as well as shear, once soon after their production and another right time at the compounders who all produce special grades and colours. Compounding extruders are categorized in single screw and twin screw extruders. The mixing aftereffect of solo screw extruders depends on the shear generated between the surfaces of the barrel and the screw. The shear combining of twin screw extruders is definitely more efficient and for that reason the polymer is put through less thermal history.

Brabender experimental twin screw extruder

Twin screw extruders, are useful for bulk polymerisation, processing (pipes, sheet..) or compounding. Mass polymerisation twin screw extruders are used in the produce of TPU, POM etc. Twin screw extruders are also used, like solo screw extruders in the produce of finished products such as pipes and sheet. This informative article polymer extrusion will get confined to giving a merchant account on twin screw extruders found in the compounding of engineering thermoplastics. In this instance the extrudate takes the proper execution of skinny rods which will be pelletised. The pellets are injection moulded.

Tooling Know How Five Tips on Profile Die Design


A poorly designed profile die-one that will not permit the part to come to be extruded with the same measurements from run to run-coupled with a lack of knowledge of the extrusion process, is a recipe for scrap technology.

A poorly designed account die-one that will not let the extruder screws part to get extruded with the same sizes from run to run-coupled with too little understanding of the extrusion procedure, is a recipe for scrap era. You can find five things account processors have to know about creating and retaining a replicable software:

?Proper terrain length: It is a section of steel that runs linear to the profile that gives "memory" to the required form of the part. If the property length is too short, the flow changes with any change in the run circumstances. Land length also will help offset any swell of the thermoplastic since it exits the die lip. Profiles with the same wall thickness should have a minimum land length 10 times the intended wall thickness, for a land-length ratio of 10:1. If the meant final wall thickness is 0.100 in., the land length ought to be 1 in.

Of course this formula will not apply universally. For example, when owning a thin-wall account (say 0.40 in.) of rigid PVC or another high-viscosity polymer, a 10:1 ratio would result in a land length of 0.400 in., that could result in unnecessary pressure buildup. From a safety standpoint, the maximum constant backpressure desired is 5000 psi.

?Territory length ratio: On profiles with unbalanced wall thickness-i.e., with multiple wall thicknesses in various areas-the same guideline applies. Adjust the property length by removing steel just. For example, if one wall structure is 0.080 in. solid and another 0.060 found in., the land lengths would be 0.800 and 0.600 found in., respectively.

If you re running a low-viscosity resin or expect great output rates, land-length ratios could be increased up to 25:1 (Table 1).

? Drawdown: This is perhaps the most misunderstood idea of profile die style. In account extrusion, drawdown may be the percentage differential between the dimensions of the die as engineered vs. how big is the final part. Without the drawdown to exert stress, the extrudate would drape and sag in the sizing medium. Hence, the die artist builds a drawdown percentage into all of the dimensions to keep carefully the account taunt and aligned.

Since all thermoplastics swell, die designers may bring the wall height and thickness dimensions into tolerance with a percentage of drawdown, and if the right proportion is put into the entire dimension, all dimensions would be to specification.

Another little well-known and rarely discussed concept close to drawdown is in fact that the extrudate continues to draw downwards until it reaches the glass-transition temperature (Tg) on crystalline polymers, or the heat-distortion temperature in amorphous resins. Therefore if a percentage is added to accommodate polymer swell, but the cooling is inadequate to drop the melt heat to the Tg, the part will continue steadily to draw down, resulting in a smaller sized than expected extrudate.

Each thermoplastic includes a unique specific high temperature, defined as how much heat energy that must definitely be added or removed to change its temperature by way of a given amount. That affects the cost of which the resin can be cooled sufficiently to avoid further drawdown. This means each polymer includes a different drawdown ratio. Thermoplastics such as for example PP and LDPE will be crystalline with a higher specific temperature and require better drawdown than an amorphous material such as for example rigid PVC. This clarifies why a die designed for PP cannot be used for other polymers. Desk 2 reveals drawdown ratios for supplies running on a 2.5-in. extruder at 100 to 125 lb /hr. A range is outlined to reflect varied drawdowns for profiles versus tubes also to take into account different cooling media.

It s important to note that amorphous elements such as rigid PVC cannot tolerate good sized drawdown percentages, simply because that will impart high residual stresses into the extrudate, leading to brittleness when impacted.

?Designing for sensitive substances: When designing with regards to polyolefin profiles, flat-plate dies job fine because they tend to be very stable under high temperature , nor develop high backpressure. Flexible PVC even, TPOs, HIPS, and ABS can tolerate equipment without any great degree of streamlining. Streamlining is the technique of creating generous transitions in the steel without any dead-spots where material can burn off and degrade. If good aesthetics are required, without the dark specks or flaws, it is important not to let any changeover create areas where in fact the polymer can stagnate.

?Decompression: Another important aspect of profile die design is to keep the melt under compression through the entire spreader, adaptors, changeover plates, and die lip. Any certain section of decompression will cause problems of materials stagnation and finally degradation, leading to poor quality. Angles ought to be kept to 60 (30 included angle)

Whereas the running time on a flat-back again die could be from one to eight time with some polymers, a fully streamlined die can work for weeks without stopping to be washed. Profile dies for rigid PVC and Computer are specially prone to degradation. For long runs, a streamlined die is your very best bet fully.

Thermoplastic Extrusion


Customers seeking extruded plastic material tubing and plastic profiles come to us because of our extensive experience found in working with a variety of thermoplastic materials, including:

Thermoplastic elastomers (Santoprene?)


Flexible PVC


Large Density Polyethylene (HDPE)

Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE)

Polypropylene (PP)

PETG (Codar?)


As a plastic profile extruder able to manufacture extrusions from little to good sized, our Kentron Plastic Extrusion Division has considerable knowledge in the co-extrusion of other resources, such as thermoplastics and silicone rubberized. We can use specialty thermoplastics upon request. We provide custom tubing and profile extrusions for a wide variety of industries including:






Retail and convenience retail outlet displays

Plus many, a lot more....

Customer satisfaction is worked directly into our production method. Using approved extrusion screw buyer drawings, the Reiss Thermoplastics Division shall design tooling, develop the right process capability to meet customer features, and oversee manufacturing of the extruded plastic material tubing or plastic profiles. All developmental and extrusion procedures are authorized to ISO/TS 16949:2009 and ISO 9001:2008.

The effect of melt viscosity on thermal efficiency for single screw extrusion of HDPE


In this work, an extremely instrumented single screw extruder has been used to review the result of polymer rheology on the thermal performance of the extrusion approach. Three different molecular fat grades of high density polyethylene (HDPE) were extruded at a range of conditions. Three geometries of extruder screws were used at several set screw and temperatures rotation speeds. The extruder was built with real-time quantification of energy usage; thermal dynamics of the procedure were examined applying thermocouple grid sensors at the entrance to the die. Outcomes showed that polymer rheology experienced a significant influence on process energy consumption and thermal homogeneity of the melt. Highest particular energy usage and poorest homogeneity was noticed for the best viscosity quality of HDPE. Extruder screw geometry, set extrusion temperature and screw rotation velocity were also found to get a direct influence on energy intake and melt consistency. In particular, specific energy usage was lower utilizing a barrier flighted screw compared to solo flighted screws at the same arranged conditions. These effects highlight the complex nature of extrusion thermal dynamics and offer evidence that rheological real estate of the polymer can considerably influence the thermal efficiency of the process.

Consumption of polymeric supplies has greatly increased in the last few decades due to their use found in diverse industrial sectors. Plastics happen to be in popular in the packaging, structure, automotive, electrical and consumer electronics industries, in addition to numerous other diverse applications. European plastics demand totalled 47 million tonnes in 2011, 21% of the full total world creation and generated around annual turnover of 300 billion Euros, employing 1.45 million European citizens. Polyethylene represented 29% of the full total plastics demand (5.64 million tonnes of HDPE) (Plastic - the reality, 2012).

In polymer processing machinery such as one screw extruders, polymer feedstock is fed into the machine through a hopper, conveyed across the screw and melted by way of a combination of applied exterior heat and inner shear heat generation. The pressure generated forces the molten materials through a formed die to create the final product. The caliber of the extruded item is highly dependent upon the consistency of melt made by the screw. Screw design should be matched to polymer enter buy to minimise melting instabilities and pressure inconsistencies also to optimise pumping consistency through the die (Steward, 2002, Lee and Wheeler, 1991,Rauwendaal, 1990). Optimised screw geometry can result in better thermal homogeneity and raised productivity and final product quality with lower energy usage. It has been found that extruder heaters eat less energy once the extruders are managed at larger screw speeds (Cantor, 2010). It has also been found that single screw extruders ought to be operated at the highest screw speeds to increase efficiency, whilst the screw geometry ought to be carefully chosen to optimise melt temp (Vera-Sorroche et al., 2012, Kelly et al., 2012).

Polyethylenes are actually semi-crystalline thermoplastics that exhibit non-Newtonian pseudoplastic behaviour found in the molten condition. The partnership between molecular pounds, its distribution and rheology has a significant role and hence should be investigated when examining polymer processability in sole screw extrusion (Agassant and Villemaire, 1998, McKinley and hoffman, 1985, Krishnaswamy and Rohlfing, 2004, Craig et al, 1968). The purpose of this do the job was to study the effect of HDPE rheology on melt top quality and energy consumption in solitary screw extrusion employing real-time measurement approaches. Thermocouple grid sensors allowed characterisation of the thermal dynamics of the extrusion twin screw extrusion manufacturer procedure which in combination with real-time energy usage measurements facilitated an understanding of the thermal productivity of the procedure (Brown et al., 2004,Abeykoon et al., 2012). The role of processing conditions, extruder screw geometry and set extrusion temperature ranges was examined, and the effect of rheology on measured melt temperatures and strength consumption was quantified, so as to highlight potential strength savings from careful collection of processing conditions and screw geometry.

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