Back pain can be caused simply by so many things, this is why when you have back soreness that's lasting more than a week you should always see a doctor. To correctly diagnosis back again pain your physician will perform a physical examination and they could also review your medical history to see when there is anything in your background that may point to the reason for your back pain. If they feel that you could have a herniated disk but it is certainly not conclusive they'll order diagnostic tests be done.
MRI's While the most commonly used diagnostic test is an X-ray, often this test is not able to give a definitive diagnosis. When this happens your doctor may try an MRI, this staying the gold standard for tests when dealing with back discomfort. An MRI would make use of magnetic fields, computers, and radio waves to make a detailed photograph of the muscles extremely, ligaments, organs, discs, and other parts of the spine.
CT scan A CT scan is another popular check that can be used to diagnose back discomfort. With this check a powerful computer and X-ray machine is used to generate a 3d photo of the spine. Consequently instead of taking just one picture of an area like a common X-ray with a CT scan images are taken all over the body and to create a more descriptive view or the backbone.
There are four various kinds of herniated discs; they are a bulging, prolapsed, extruded, and sequestered disc. Take into account though that it is possible to jump to some of the more damaged discs right away depending on what caused your disk become injured.
Bulging disc With a bulging disc it is extremely rare for it to cause any observeable symptoms; oftentimes those with a straightforward bulging disc usually single screw extruder do not even know they have them. When you have a bulging disk what happens is a little bulge would appear externally of your disk. This bulge is still contained inside the disc and there is absolutely no tear or crack in the disc and since this bulge is indeed very small it may not compress or bother the surrounding cells, nerves, or spinal-cord.
Prolapsed Disc This is the following stage for a bulging disc and also when you may start to notice symptoms such as pain, numbness and tingling on your skin. With a prolapsed disk your bugle is now larger in proportions but would be contained inside the disc itself. Since this bulge is currently larger in size it is much more likely to cause problems.
Disc Extrusion With a disc extrusion your bulge has now broken through the top of your disc and the soft gel center is leaking out and into the spinal canal spaces. If enough of this material is no longer inside your disk it may commence to compress the surrounding tissues, spinal cord, or spinal nerves.
Sequestered Disc This would be the very last stage of a herniated disc. With a sequestered disk what happens is, a piece or bits of the leaking material has shattered off the main part of your disc and is currently going swimming in the spinal canal. At this time it is possible that you can feel less pain as the free floating materials may no longer get compressing your nerves or spinal cord.