Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 - June 15, 1996), also
known as Lady Ella and the First Lady of Song, is considered one of
the most influential jazz vocalists of the 20th Century.
With a vocal range spanning three octaves, she was noted for her
purity of tone, faultless phrasing and intonation, and a
"horn-like" improvisational ability, particularly in her scat
singing. She is widely considered to have been one of the supreme
interpreters of the Great American Songbook.
Over a recording career that lasted fifty-seven years, she was
the winner of thirteen Grammy Awards, and was awarded the National
Medal of Art by Ronald Reagan and the Presidential Medal of Freedom
by George H. W. Bush.
There is a statue of Fitzgerald in Yonkers, the city in which
she grew up. It is located south of the main entrance to the
Amtrak/Metro-North Railroad station. On January 10, 2007, the
United States Postal Service announced that Fitzgerald would be
honored with her own 39 cent postage stamp.