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 ThiS ONLINE GLOSSARY FEATURES WORDS THAT REVOLVE AROUND PARAPSYCHOLOGY


Parapsychology is a discipline that seeks to investigate the existence and causes of psychic abilities and life after death using the scientific method


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A

Absent Healing
Healing that takes place when the healer is not in direct contact with the person to be healed.
Absent Sitter
A person, not present during a sitting, on whose behalf readings are given. See also Proxy Sitting.
Acupuncture
Traditional Chinese medical practice that involves sticking needles into specific locations on the body. See also healing.
Agent
(a) Person who attempts to communicate information to another in an ESP experiment. Cf. percipient.
(b) The subject in a psychokinesis experiment.
(c) Person who is the focus of poltergeist activity.
Akashic Records
"Memories" of all experiences since the beginning of time, believed by some mystical doctrines to be stored permanently in a spiritual substance (Akasha).
Alien Abduction Experience
Reported experiences of being abducted by alien creatures, often into spacecraft. Abductees often experience lost time and suffer loss of memory. When memories are recovered, often using hypnotic regression, abductees may report that surgical operations were performed on them. See also temporal lobe activity.
Alpha Rhythm
Electrical activity in the brain (about 10 cycles per second) associated with a state of mental relaxation. See also EEG.
Altered State of Consciousness (ASC)
A term used to refer to any state of consciousness that is different from "normal" states of waking or sleeping. ASCs include hypnosis, trance, ecstasy, psychedelic and meditative experience. ASCs do not necessarily have paranormal features.
Ancestor Worship
Religious practices involving the veneration of dead ancestors.
Angels
Benevolent spiritual beings who help people in need. See also guardian angel.
Animal Magnetism
A term coined by F.A. Mesmer to refer to a putative force or fluid capable of being transmitted from one person to another, producing healing effects. See also Mesmerism.
Animal Mutilation
Refers to cases in which animal corpses (often cattle) have been found with bizarre injuries that do not seem to have a normal explanation in terms of illness, accident or action of predators. Cuts and injuries often appear to have been carried out with surgical precision. Typically the corpse is drained of blood. Certain body parts may be absent (e.g., genitals).
Animal Psi
Paranormal abilities exhibited by animals. Also known as "Anpsi".
Animism
Religious practices based on the belief that all living things and natural objects have their individual spiritual essence or soul.
Announcing Dream
A dream believed to announce an individual's rebirth. See also reincarnation.
Anomalous Experience
A general term referring to unusual experiences that cannot be explained in terms of current scientific knowledge. Cf. psi.
 
Anomalous Phenomena
Natural phenomena that cannot be explained in terms of current scientific knowledge. See also Fortean phenomena.
Anoxia
See cerebral anoxia.
Anpsi
See Animal Psi
Apparition
A visual appearance (cf. hallucination), often of a person or scene, generally experienced in a waking or hypnagogic / hypnopompic state. See also crisis apparition, ghost, haunting.
Apport
A physical object which appears in a way that cannot be explained (seeming to come from nowhere). Apports are often associated with the seance room and physical mediumship. Cf. deport. See also materialization, teleportation.
Artefact
In parapsychology, false evidence of paranormal phenomena, due to some extraneous normal influence.
ASC
See altered state of consciousness.
Astral Body
A term used by occultists, spiritualists and theosophists to refer to a supposed "double" of the person's physical body. The astral body is believed to be separable from the physical body during astral projection (out of body experience) and at death. See also Ka.
Astral Projection
A term used by occultists, spiritualists and theosophists for the out of body experience. It is believed to result when the astral body separates from the physical body.
Astrology
A theory and practice which attempts to identify the ways in which astronomical events are correlated with events on earth (e.g., with an individual's personality and biography, or with social and political trends).
Atavism
Re-emergence of ancestral characteristics; a genetic throwback.
Augury
Divination.
Aura
A field of energy believed by some to surround living creatures. Certain clairvoyants claim to be able to see the aura (generally as a luminous, coloured halo). See also Kirlian photography.
Automatic Art
See automatism.
Automatic Writing
The ability to write intelligible messages without conscious control or knowledge of what is being written. See also automatism, dissociation.
Automatism
Physical activites (e.g., arm movements, writing, drawing, musical performance) that occur without the automatist's conscious control or knowledge. Also known as motor automatism. See also automatic writing, dissociation.
Autoscopy
(a) Seeing one's "double". See also astral body.
(b) Looking back at one's own body from a position outside of the body. See also out of body experience.

B

Ba
Ancient Egyptian concept of a person's essence, believed to be be immortal. Cf. Ka. See also Soul.
Banshee
In Gaelic belief, a female entity who heralds a death by groaning and screaming.
Bardo
In Tibetan Buddhism, an intermediate state of existence, usually referring to the state between life and rebirth.
 
Basic Technique
Term used in card-guessing tests of clairvoyance, in which the top card of the deck is placed to one side after each guess.
Billet Reading
Procedure in which a question is secretly written on a piece of paper which is folded or sealed in an envelope, and handed to the psychic who attempts to answer the question. Various trickery can be employed by fraudulent psychics and mentalists.
Bilocation
Being (or appearing to be) in two different places at the same time. See also autoscopy.
Biofeedback
A general term for techniques that involve giving a person information about their current physiological state (e.g., heart rate, EEG). Biofeedback is used to enable people to control consciously their physiological processes.
Bio-PK
Psychokinetic effects on biological processes. See also DMILS.
Black Art
Conjuring technique of concealing objects using black covers against a black background. Also used by fraudulent mediums.
Black Magic
Magical spells or rituals practiced with the intention of harming others. Cf. white magic .
Blind
An experimental control in which subjects are not informed of certain key features of the experiment. Also used to refer to a procedure where a judge is asked to compare targets and responses without knowing which responses were made to which targets. See also double blind.
Blind Matching (BM)
An identical procedure to open matching, except that the key cards are unseen by the subject.
Book Test
(a) A communication in which the sitter is asked to look at a specific book and page in order to receive a significant message.
(b) An effect in which the psychic or mentalist divines the words written on a particular page of a book.

C

Cabinet
A box or curtained enclosure in which a physical medium is secured and from which various phenomena may manifest (e.g., lights, objects moving, instruments played). Certain stage magicians can simulate this procedure with great effect.
Call
Response made by a subject in a card-guessing or other ESP test.
Candomble
A Brazilian spiritist religion. See also Umbanda, Voodoo.
 
Card Guessing
An experimental test for ESP in which subjects guess the identity of a set of cards (e.g., playing cards or Zener cards).
Cartomancy
Fortune telling using cards. See also tarot.
Cerebral Anoxia
Lack of oxygen to the brain, often causing sensory distortions and hallucinations. Sometimes used to explain features of the near-death experience.
Chance
Random, unpredictable influences on events.
Channeling
Receiving messages and inspiration from discarnate entities. See also medium.
Charm
A spell or object possessing magic power.
Christian Science
A religious healing movement founded by Mary Baker Eddy. Rejects orthodox medical practice.
Cipher Test
A coded message left by a person who intends to communicate the cipher after death.
Circle
A group of people who hold seances. See also mediumship.
Clairaudience
The paranormal obtaining of information by hearing sounds or voices. See also clairvoyance, clairsentience.
Clairsentience
An archaic term that refers to the paranormal obtaining of information using faculties other than vision or hearing. Cf. clairaudience, clairvoyance, empathy, intuition.
Clairvoyance
A general term that refers to the paranormal obtaining of information about an object or event. In modern usage, this does not necessarily refer to obtaining information visually. Cf. clairaudience, clairsentience, ESP, psi.
Clairvoyant
See clairvoyant medium.
 
Clairvoyant Medium
Or clairvoyant. A person who obtains information paranormally (often by spirit communication) without the need to enter into a trance state. Cf. trance medium.
Closed Deck
A set of cards used in a card-guessing test where each card appears a fixed number of times. Statistical analysis of research data using a closed deck differs from statistical analysis of data using an open deck.
Coincidence
The occurrence, within a short space of time, of two or more meaningfully related events and without any apparent causal connection between them. Coincidences are sometimes bizarre and extraordinarily improbable. See also synchronicity.
Cold Reading
A reading given with no prior knowledge of the sitter. Often a mixture of very general statements which could apply to anyone, together with inferences made from cues presented by the sitter (e.g., physical appearance, clothes, tone of voice, statements made). Cf. hot reading.
Collective Apparition
An apparition seen simultaneously by more than one person.
Collective Unconscious
Concept put forward by C.G. Jung to refer to a level of unconscious thought and experience shared collectively by humans.
Communication
In mediumship, a message purported to be from a discarnate entity.
Communicator
A discarnate entity from whom the medium receives messages. See also drop-in communicator.
Confederate
A person who secretly provides information to a fraudulent psychic or mentalist.
Conjuring
Using trickery to simulate paranormal effects, generally for the purpose of entertainment.
Contact Mind Reading
A technique simulating telepathy, in which the "mind reader" (who generally holds a hand or arm) responds to slight muscle movements produced unconsciously by the person whose mind is apparently being read. Also known as muscle reading, Cumberlandism or Hellstromism.
Control
(a) In experimental parapsychology a procedure undertaken in order to ensure that the experiment is conducted in a standard fashion and so that results are not unduly influenced by extraneous factors. See also control group, artefact.
(b) In spiritualism, a discarnate entity who communicates with a trance medium and who generally controls the trance state.
Control Group
A group of people whose performance is compared with that of experimental subjects. Cf. experimental group.
Corn Circle
Circular (or more elaborate) formations found in growing crops, most commonly in Southern Britain. Sometimes they are associated with UFO sightings. Many formations appear to have been intelligently created and to have some symbolic meaning. Despite several "confessions" made by various individuals and groups, the crop circle mystery remains unsolved.
Correlation
An association between two or more events or variables.
Correlation Coefficient
A mathematical index of the degree of association between two or more measures.
Cosmic Consciousness
A blissful experience in which the person becomes aware of the whole universe as a living being. See also altered state of consciousness, mystical experience.
Coven
A group of witches
Crisis Apparition
An apparition in which a person is seen within a few hours of an important crisis such as death, accident or sudden illness.
Cross-correspondence
(a) Separate items of information, received independently by two or more mediums, which make sense only when pieced together.
(b) THE cross-correspondences is a classic case of highly complex cross-correspondences which continued from 1901 to 1932 among a group of automatists associated with the Society for Psychical Research.
Cryptomnesia
Knowledge (acquired in normal ways) that may be revealed without the person remembering its source. Such memories may falsely appear to be paranormal revelations. Sometimes cryptomnesia is used as an explanation for apparently paranormal experiences such as xenoglossy or past-life memories.
Crystal Gazing
Staring into a reflecting surface (e.g., mirror, glass, crystal, liquid) in order to obtain paranormal information. Also known as scrying. See also divination.
Cumberlandism
See contact mind reading.
Curse
Words spoken or written in order to influence others paranormally, causing them harm. See also spell, hex.

D

Daemon (Daimon)
A guardian spirit who communicates inspiration and advice. See also guardian angel.
Death
Generally understood to be the extinction of an organism's life. Many doctrines assert some form of mental or spiritual survival of physical death. See also deathbed experience, haunting, mediumship, near-death experience, reincarnation.
Deathbed Experience
A dying person's awareness of the presence of dead friends or relatives. See also near-death experience.
Decline Effect
A decrease in performance on a psi test when the test is repeated. Cf. incline effect.
Deja Experience
See deja vu.
 
Deja Vu
A person's feeling that current events have been experienced before.
 
Delta
A term used to refer to any kind of anomalous experience.
Dematerialization
The paranormal fading or disappearance of a physical object. See also deport.
Demonic Possession
Possession by evil spirits. See also exorcism.
Deport
The paranormal movement of objects out of a secure enclosed space. Cf. apport. See also dematerialization, teleportation.
Dice Test
Experimental techniques for investigating psychokinesis, in which a subject attempts to influence the fall of dice.
Direct Voice
A voice heard in a seance which does not seem to emanate from any person. The voice may seem to come out of thin air, or from a trumpet used specifically for this purpose. Cf. indirect voice.
Discarnate Entity
A spirit or non-material entity. Often used to refer to the personality of a deceased individual. See also channeling, communication, mediumship, possession, survival.
Displacement
Responses on a psi test that correspond systematically to targets other than the intended one (e.g., those before or after).
Dissociation
Activity performed outside of normal conscious awareness, or mental processes that suggest the existence of separate centres of consciousness.
Divination
Practices involving the interpretation of signs or symbols that seek to obtain oracular knowledge of events. Examples of divinatory practices are geomancy, tarot, I Ching, sortilege, and reading tea leaves.
Divining Rod
A forked rod (or sometimes a pair of L-shaped rods) used in dowsing.
DMILS
"Direct Mental Interaction with Living Systems". Psychokinetic influences on physiological processes. See also Bio-PK.
Doppelganger
A mirror image or double of a person. See also astral body.
Double
A duplicate of one's own body. See also astral body
Double Blind
An experimental procedure in which neither the subject nor experimenter is aware of key features of the experiment.
Down Through Technique (DT)
An experimental test for clairvoyance in which the person guesses the order of a stacked series of target symbols (e.g., cards) from top to bottom. Cf. up through technique.
Dowsing
The paranormal detection of underground water or mineral deposits (or lost persons and objects) using a divining rod or pendulum.
Dream
See paranormal dream.
Drop-in Communicator
An uninvited communicator who 'drops in' at a sitting.

E

Earthquake Effect
A phenomenon produced by the physical medium D.D. Home, involving the room shaking as if there was an earthquake.
Ecstasy
An altered state of consciousness in which the person experiences great rapture and loss of self-control. Cf. trance.
Ectoplasm
A semi-fluid substance exuded by a physical medium from which materializations may form.
EEG (Electro-encephalography)
A method of recording variations of electrical activity in the cortex of the brain.
Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVP)
See Raudive voices.
Elemental Spirit
A spirit associated with one of the classical four elements (fire, earth, air and water). See also animism.
Elongation
Paranormal extension of the physical body, reported in some mystics and physical mediums.
Empath
Someone who shows considerable empathy, especially of the apparently psychic type.
 
Empathy
The ability to understand the experience or emotional state of another person or animal. Often used to refer to an apparently psychic ability to experience another person's sensations, pain or emotions. Cf. clairsentience, intuition.
Entity
See discarnate entity.
ESP
See Extrasensory Perception.
ESP Cards
See Zener Cards.
Etheric Body
Similar to astral body.
Evil Eye
Alleged ability of some people to harm others by looking at them.
EVP
Electronic Voice Phenomena. See Raudive voices.
 
Evocation
The summoning of (often evil) spirits using a magical incantation or ritual. Cf. invocation.
Exorcism
A religious or quasi-religious rite to drive out evil spirits. See also possession.
Experiment
A test carried out under controlled conditions.
Experimental Group
A group of subjects who undergo a specific experimental procedure. Often results from this group are compared with those of a control group.
Experimental Parapsychology
Parapsychological research involving experimental methods rather than survey techniques or the investigation of spontaneous cases.
Experimenter
The person who conducts the experiment.
Experimenter Effect
Influence that the experimenter's personality or behaviour may have on the results of an experiment.
Extradimensional
Originating outside our normal space-time reality. Cf. extraterrestrial.
Extrasensory Perception (ESP)
Paranormal acquisition of information. Includes clairvoyance, telepathy and precognition. See also psi.
Extraterrestrial
Originating beyond planet Earth. Not normally considered to be extradimensional.

F

Fairy
Small, human-like mythical being. May be benevolent or malevolent.
Faith Healing
Healing that is associated with prayer or belief in Divine power.
False Awakening
An experience in which a person believes he or she has woken up, but actually is still dreaming.
Faraday Cage
A wire mesh enclosure that provides a shield to radio waves.
Feedback
The giving of information to subjects about their performance on a test. See also biofeedback.
Fire Walking
Walking on red-hot coals, without pain or damage to the feet.
Flying Saucer
A term, coined in 1947, to refer to unknown disk-like aerial objects, often believed to be extraterrestrial spacecraft. The term has now been largely superseded by "UFO".
Focal Person
Person who is at the centre of poltergeist activity.
Forced-Choice Test
An ESP test in which the subject guesses from a predetermined list of alternative targets.
Fortean Phenomena
Strange phenomena, especially those which challenge conventional scientific knowledge. Named after the American researcher and writer Charles Fort. Fortean phenomena include those generally considered paranormal, but also bizarre non-paranormal events such as monsters and prodigies, extraordinary coincidences, and unusual rains.
Fortune Telling
Various practices which aim to divine future events. See also divination.
Fraud
The deliberate faking of paranormal phenomenena, generally for the purpose of financial gain, psychological manipulation, or notoriety. Faking for the purpose of entertainment (e.g., by stage magicians and mentalists) is not normally classed as fraud.
Free-Response Test
An ESP test in which the subject responds freely (does not choose from a fixed list of targets). For example, the subject may write down or draw their impressions, or may talk freely into a tape recorder. In order to assess the accuracy of the responses, they are compared with various targets (including the actual target) by a judge. See also preferential matching.

G

Ganzfeld
A technique for investigating ESP in which the person experiences an absence of patterned stimulation. This generally involves the subject wearing halved table-tennis balls over the eyes while listening to hiss (white noise) through headphones.
General Extrasensory Perception (GESP)
ESP in which it is unclear whether the results are due to clairvoyance, telepathy, precognition or retrocognition.
Geomancy
A system of divination involving the interpretation of lines or figures.
GESP
See general extrasensory perception
Ghost
Popular term for an experience believed to indicate the presence of the spirit of a deceased person. See also apparition, haunting, poltergeist.
Gimmick
In conjuring, any small concealed apparatus that is used to produce a magical effect. Also used by fraudulent mediums.
 
Glossolalia
Unintelligible speech generally uttered in a dissociated or trance state. Also known as "speaking in tongues". See also xenoglossy.
"Goat"
Name given to a subject in a psi test who does not believe in the phenomenon. See also "sheep", sheep-goat effect.
Guardian Angel
An angel believed to protect the individual. See also guide.
Guide
A spirit who is believed to assist a person's spiritual journey. See also angel, guardian angel

H

Hallucination
A sensory experience that does not correspond to physical reality. See also apparition.
Haunting
Paranormal phenomena such as apparitions, unexplained sounds, smells or other sensations that are associated over a lengthy period of time with a specific location. Cf. poltergeist.
Healer
Someone who claims the power of healing.
Healing
Generally indicates cures that cannot be explained in terms of accepted medical principles. See also faith healing, psychic healing, spirit cures.
Hellstromism
See contact mind reading.
Hex
(a) An evil spell or magical curse.
(b) To practice witchcraft.
 
Hit
A response that accurately matches the target. Cf. miss.
Hot Reading
A reading given in which prior knowledge of the sitter has been obtained, often using devious or fraudulent means. Cf. cold reading.
 
Huna
An Hawaiian religious practice involving clairvoyance, precognition, healing, miracles and magic.
Hyperacuity
See hyperaesthesia.
Hyperaesthesia
Exceptionally acute sensory awareness.
Hypnagogic Imagery
Imagery occurring in the hypnagogic state (occuring while dropping off to sleep).
Hypnopompic Imagery
Imagery occurring in the hypnopompic state (occurring while waking up).
Hypnosis
An ASC involving a heightened degree of suggestibility. See also Mesmerism.
Hypnotism
See hypnosis.

I

I Ching
Ancient Chinese "Book of Changes". It describes 64 hexagrams (patterns of 6 broken and unbroken lines) which are used in a divinatory practice involving the throwing of yarrow stalks or coins.
Illusion
(a) An appearance that leads the person to draw mistaken conclusions.
(b) In conjuring, a perceptual trick.
Imagery
The ability to perceive images in the mind. These may be visual, auditory, tactile, etc.
Immortality
Various beliefs based on the assumption that some aspect of personal existence survives death.
Incline Effect
An increase in performance on a psi test when the test is repeated. Cf. decline effect.
Incorruptibility
Inexplicable lack of decay in a corpse.
Indirect Voice
Mediumistic phenomenon in which the discarnate entity appears to speak using the vocal apparatus of the medium. Often the voice will sound very different from the medium's normal voice. Cf. direct voice.
Instrumental Transcommunication
Use of recording equipment to produce evidence interpreted as communication from deceased persons or other entitites. See also. Raudive voices, pareidolia.
Intuition
The non-paranormal ability to grasp the elements of a situation or to draw conclusions about complex events in ways that go beyond a purely rational or intellectual analysis. Cf. clairsentience, empathy.
 
Invocation
Summoning benevolent spiritual beings. Cf. evocation.
ITC
See instrumental transcommunication.

J

Judge
Person who compares targets and responses in an psi experiment.

K

Ka
Ancient Egyptian term for the double or astral body. See also Ba.
Karma
Hindu and Buddhist ethical doctrine of "as one sows, so shall one reap". See also reincarnation.
Key Cards
Reference cards used to indicate each target alternative in a card-guessing test.
Kirlian Photography
A photographic method involving high frequency electric current, discovered by S.D. & V. Kirlian in the Soviet Union. Kirlian photographs often show coloured halos or "auras" surrounding objects.
Kundalini
In Yogic belief, a source of tremendous vital energy that may be stimulated by various practices. Kundalini, or the "Serpent Power", is believed to provide energy for paranormal phenomena.

L

Laying on of Hands
A healing practice, in which the healer's hands are placed on or near the body of the sick person.
Levitation
The paranormal raising or suspension of an object or person.
Life after Death
See survival.
Life Review
Flashback memories of the whole of a person's life, often associated with the near-death experience.
Lucid Dreaming
Dreaming in which the person is aware that the experience is a dream. Often associated with feelings of aliveness and freedom, and with the ability to control dream events.
Lucidity
(a) An early term for clairvoyance.
(b) Lucid dreaming.
Luminous Phenomena
The experience of strange lights or glows, often around objects or people. See also aura.
 
Lycanthropy
The supposed magical transformation of a person into the form of a wolf. See also shape-shifting, therianthropy, werewolf.


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Eschatology the education of the higher powerWritten by Rgardless Devon Victory I honestly gotta say Irsquo;m a trill kindrsquo;ve person I can be in the form of disbeliefI can be in the form of corrective pices. I gotta say this as far as education Irsquo;ve surpassed the belief of background checks every thing in the world was created by man and I am fuking higher than man beliefs education is a form of learning to help destroy and lower people based on education created by humans when that... (continue reading)

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Eschatology the education of the higher powerWritten by Rgardless Devon Victory I honestly gotta say Irsquo;m a trill kindrsquo;ve person I can be in the form of disbeliefI can be in the form of corrective pices. I gotta say this as far as education Irsquo;ve surpassed the belief of background checks every thing in the world was created by man and I am fuking higher than man beliefs education is a form of learning to help destroy and lower people based on education created by humans when that... (continue reading)